专题报道| 图片新闻| 教育互动| 在线报名| 论坛交流| 网上办公| 网络教室|  
| 职教新闻 | 学校简介 | 教师园地 | 学生地盘 | 服务家长 | 职业规划 | 专业设置 | 企业培训 | 考试认证 | 资料下载 |
      栏目导航 当前位置网站首页>>评论: 西南财经大学现代远程教育2009年秋季招生简章
西南财经大学现代远程教育2009年秋季招生简章点击查看原文

  共 316 条,第 3/32 页,每页 10 条
(以下留言仅代表网友的个人观点,不代表本站观点。)  
  发表人:Dannie515

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:shouilz9591617@163.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 23:07:56
     Nike Company begins to make efforts for the public welfare. As to the Nike brand; it has also won a vital place as a famous one in world cup. During the whole process of making its products; Nike Company has adopted high technology. All the above facts has promoted Nike to be the most well-known brand all around the world. Nike Trainers and Nike dunk can be regarded as the most favored ones among all Nike series by people. For most young people,http://www.mutuallyassuredsurvival.com/wiki/tiki-view_blog_post.php?find=&blogId=1&offset=40&sort_mode=created_desc&postId=340&show_comments=1/,Moncler "Forbin" Padded Jacket, getting a pair of these shoes is a dream. For parents,http://www.findapart.co.uk/blog/E_GuestBook.asp, in order to get cheap and authentic Nike shoes, they should be rather careful.

Distribution strategies embraced by an organization can either give them an edge in market or make them lag behind the winners in the market. The more efficient the product distribution is the more sales and thus more profits. The delivery of the right product and at the right time to the consumer not only effects utility but also leads to high degree of consumer satisfaction and loyalty. Nike distributes its products on level basis. The high priced premium products are given to certain distributors while leaving the low priced to be sold at highly discounted prices at mega retail stores such as Wal-Mart. Whereas Reebok embraced a limited distribution strategy Nike ventured more into a global3 market capitalization ((Jeannet J, 2000,http://www.dehuaedu.com/E_GuestBook.asp, pp 44).

The club of NIKE VR_S Extreme Speed Series would like to focus on "speed", and its "S" name also derives from it((an annotation: Speed in English is short for S). VR_S Extreme Speed Series club adopts the NIKE exclusive NexCOR terraced technology, and it can effectively help the golfers with slower swing speed to optimize their speed performance. All levels golf players can speed up their ball velocity and improve the distance of flight by a wide margin with the assistance of NexCOR rod surface, for it uses the design of new multiple and thick club surfaces. The design of the limit club surface and the performance of the incomparable ball speed is a compatible one for the breakthrough of club surface design of NexCOR.

  发表人:allan033

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:tuishehf8774719@163.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 23:07:53
    Cheap flights are at the other end of the spectrum from cheap holidays. With holidays the greatest savings are made by those who are willing to book at the last minute. With flights, the converse is true. As flights get booked up, the prices tend to rise. ((Bernstein J et al., 1999)Two of the most commonly used mechanisms for obtaining cheap flights are flight-brokers and screen scrapers. The flight brokers make their money by selling you a flight that gives them a commission. There is therefore a balance between the amount of commission that an airline pays them to fill their seats and the requirements of the student. The screen scrapers are web-based tools such as TravelSupermarket, TravelJungle, and SkyScanner. You effectively enter your requirements and these sites send the details to dozens of airlines ((and some brokers) and display their findings with the cheapest first. ((Sheth A et al., 2002)There are variations on this process with sites like Expedia and Travelocity specialising in long-haul flights and Expedia and Opodo allowing flights to one airport then leaving from another. Flights Direct will specifically examine the charter market for occasional bargains. 2. Time is of the essence, if the seller does not reply in time,http://www.gvkik.hu/gvkik_o/E_GuestBook.asp, do not waste your time too in waiting jump to another reputable online store, and do the whole process all over again. ?It is better to be diligent with your attitude towards shopping online. ?Many frauds can take you money in the process,2019 Canada Goose Foxe Bomber Jacket, so make sure you know how to purchase online and not just give personal data about your bank account when ask. ?Online shopping also hold a mid or end year sale where most of their merchandise are put on 50-70% discount. ?Most of these discounts have the tendency to trend on social media sites, so pay special attention to news such as this. ?You have a greater chance of buying quality cheap handbags online. This abrogating in fact gave them so abundant after image and publicity that Jordan Shoes accelerating into the top aperture in the bassinet brawl shoe bazaar with actual effect.Jordan Shoes has been advancing up with a new archetypal every year.The designers of Jordan shoes are accepted to yield afflatus from their own lives,interests and hobbies to appear up with new and avant-garde designs.Jordan Shoes are about accessible from online stores,http://old.sis-statistica.org/magazine/spip.php?article163,boutiques and shoes outlets.Some of the Air Jordan Shoes models cover Originals((OG),http://plastic411.com/register/E_GuestBook.asp,Retros,Retro Plus ((Retro +),Amateur Absolute((PE)and Samples.Air Jordan shoes are referred by their models and absolution years.You will be more confident with the nike air jordan shoes in the match field.The air jordan shoes have great originality with the strap design around the ankle.There are five colorways for your selection,and all the colors are classic. Do yourself,and you can be the best yourself.To be superstar with our online Jordan shoes now.
  发表人:zackyates46

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:zhuangcaibv3870@163.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 23:07:22
    "> Air Utmost Next year Males Natural leather All Red. Highest padding mutually using a effortless fit. The particular Nike Air Maximum 2011 Gents Shoes increases about its well-known forerunners with the revolutionary,http://www.npxast.org/E_GuestBook.asp,Calgary Parka Canada Goose, lightweight higher collectively which has a plusher complies with as well as feel. Rewards Super join higher pertaining to light and portable assist, durability along with ventilation Nylon uppers inner-sleeve for breathability mutually using a deluxe gratify and also experience Max Air engineering pertaining to best result defense. The top of from your Nike Oxygen Greatest extent Next year is done coming from several parts fused mutually for very light and portable,http://www.hxshiying.cn/E_GuestBook.asp, mesh durability mutually which has a easy in shape. The full-length Support midsole provides delicate shock absorption along with springy strength. Cheap Oxygen Max Online, fantastic layout using trend,http://www.lwgjzxx.net/E_GuestBook.asp, trend, and excellence. You can appreciate increasingly more discount.

Key Topics Covered in the Report: Apparel and Footwear Market ??Apparel and Footwear Market Size by Revenue -Market Segmentation by oApparel Products oFootwear Products oOrganized and Unorganized Sectors oMarket Place oSeasonal Demand oRegional Demand oType of Business ??sole proprietorship, corporation, partnership oMechanization Facilities ??fully mechanized, semi-mechanized, manual labor ??Apparel Market Size by Revenue -Market Segmentation by oGender Category oAge Group oType of Fabric oType of Usage ??Footwear Market Size by Revenue -Market Segmentation by oFootwear Categories oType of Material o Type of Business ??Sportswear Market Size by Revenue -Market Segmentation by oGender Category oAge Group oOrganized and Unorganized Sector ??Online Apparel and Footwear Market Size by Revenue -Market Segmentation by oProduct Category ??Trends and Development ??Major Challenges ??Growth Drivers ??SWOT ??Export and Import ??Competition ??Future Outlook ??Macro Economic Parameters Key Products Mentioned in the Report Apparel Products -Cotton, Silk, Linen and others Footwear Products -Running/ walking footwear, regular footwear, sports footwear and others Companies Covered in the Report Local Bench Penshoppe Golden ABC SM Group Robinsons Retail

  发表人:carmen54

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:dongxiqd541469@163.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 23:07:16
    should be eye catching and memorable,HOMIES Beanie Cappello,http://www.lazarevskaya.ru/fotoreviews/E_GuestBook.asp, when once seen by the customers they should get an idea of distinguishing your product from other products. Getting logo designed is the process which should be completed before the commencement of business. Non professional logo may create a reputation risk for the business and if it gives a negative impact then it can create financial risk too. Although designing logo is not a repetitive business for same clients but the designers give their best service to every individual client with 100% satisfaction on extreme low prices. The charges for designing logos is cheap even then charged once the customer is satisfied.

Tawdry Jordans can also perform concern offers within increment acquiring stocks details from every from the aforesaid publicize kinds. That insurance is definitely compounded employing everyday living large business-stage established out associates with the jordan shoes and boots which is essential store section end users within residence elevators business enterprise fiscal records in addition to step pegging themselves to individually products, wherever Cheap Jordans accessible. As soon as employing the trouble any destroying winter time of your summer seson only by using regardless of that North america Fathead Applications post, breath jordan boots or shoes in addition to boot styles each and every which showroom pink homemade wine shelves absolutely due to the fact profuse usually favorable with regards to developing utilize of each one out that snowy vacation getaway things to do the united states goof banff anorak outfits.

In this selection, you will about to know why is it important to gain proper knowledge of low cost automobile in terms of technicalities and analysis of its usage before purchasing one. Cheap automobile displayed in stores online are either second hand, slightly used,http://www.jirehcom.com/eobi/E_GuestBook.asp, or rush sales. Other vendors sell cheap because the brand not yet known or simply to say that it is still in the process of promotional stage. Keep in mind that as you read along, not all cars sold low cost have cheap or low quality of parts or materials used. Some people save a great deal of money in buying low cost automobile online. In order to clear the doubts in your mind,http://www.npxast.org/E_GuestBook.asp, here are some of the listed advantages you get in buying cheap automobile online.

  发表人:brooks79

IP:103.60.223.120

  发表人邮件:sixp3958347@163.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 22:10:13
     The apparels manufactured by Nike, specifically for golf playing, can be the bet for comfortable play and strong grip. You can actually see these products breathing for you and offering a perfect fit. And the good news is that these products have huge varieties for men as well as women.Nike Apparel for MenFrom jackets to convertible pants and pullovers, Nike holds a treasure of products for men golfers, with different body-built, heights, and preferences. Neither too tight,http://www.hanlim88.com/default.asp?mnuidx=14&field=&keyword=&page=1&gno=57, nor too loose, one can actually improve his golfing experience by slipping into these products. These apparels are highly supportive for your body joints, especially those present in the shoulders. Nike Apparel for WomenLadies golf is coming at par with mens golf and thus, our women golfers are also eligible for Nike golf apparel. The manufacturer offers tees,http://www.hjzslxx.net/Huaihi_GuestBook.asp, tops, pants, jackets, gloves and other products in this category. You should choose the best-fitting clothes for your body, which will help you to remove their interference in playing different strokes. Allow enough space for breathing, but dont choose loose clothes, which can degrade your golfing experience. Other Body-wears from NikeApart from apparel, Nike also manufactures right golfing footwear to provide good support and protection to your feet. The manufacturer has successfully maintained the huge database of golf socks for men and women. And,http://csandover.com/node, the range of Nike golf footwear needs no introduction. Also, you can choose golf wrist gears and bags manufactured by golf to add value to your golf collection. Golf caps and gloves are other products, capable of adding glamour to the game. Thus, with attributes like comfort, protection and style associated with Nike golf products, you can induce confidence in your spirit for golf playing. Article Tags: ,

I am sure that Nike Air Max 2010 running shoes can offer the wearers great comfort and cushion when I decide to buy these shoes. At first, I hesitated to buy them, even thought it a mistake to do that, for on the surface, there are almost no difference between them and the previous styles of Nike Air Max. However, in fact, these shoes are unique in two aspects, on one hand,vetement canadien contre le froid, they have the feature of buffer smoothing, on the other, they are endowed with the property of dynamic adaptation. To tell the truth, these shoes are the lightest ones I have got.

  发表人:cornelius41

IP:103.60.223.120

  发表人邮件:shounn2025684@163.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 22:10:12
    There is also another best seller that reaches to a high place; it is Zoom Lebrun Soldier IV. The upper of this kind of shoes are made of synthetic and leather, for in this way, it can receive more back and even more areas that are comfortable. In order to have a tight fit, a strap is combined with Velcro through the intermediate part of the shoe. The pattern of this sort of midsole serves the popular Zoom Nike, moreover, it can receive assistance from an air pouch at the heel to reduce the influence that comes from taking a run and leaping. It is an account,vetement canadien contre le froid, which is discovered in the areas site that is related to running shoe and also basketball shoe. The outer shoe owns the uniform styles that are same to basketball shoes, which can do well to traction. In college and high school,http://www.cjrack.com/default.asp?mnuidx=19&field=&keyword=&page=1&gno=6, women in teams like to wear basketball shoes of Nike.

As for everyone; it is not strange to hear Nike Free 5.0 V4. In 2009, it was promoted, and it has tried a variety of vamp textures. Moreover, leopard pattern is also a must-decoration that fashionable brands choose in modern society. These two classics are mixed together by the new design of Nike WMNS Free 5.0 V4 this time. The appearance of the shoe body is totally black. The leather Swoosh, which is in black is the most outstanding one upon the shoe body that is low-key. On October, it is likely for you,http://www.npchdl.com/plus/guestbook.php, in Inflammable,http://www.mutuallyassuredsurvival.com/wiki/tiki-view_blog_post.php?find=&blogId=1&offset=40&sort_mode=created_desc&postId=340&show_comments=1/, to buy this kind of new product. If you like, you can pay attention to it because you can reserve ahead schedule at present.

Those? who are just looking to spend their vacation in constant revelry and merriment? without having to spend a month?s worth of salary should consider timing their? visits during festivals in particular area.?? Though you might have to plan well in advance to get accommodations? during festival seasons, there is no shortage of things to do and see during? this time.? What?s more, entertainment? during a certain festival is usually free and participated by both tourists and? locals alike.? And you can?t beat the? cultural experience you?ll gain during these events.? So, now that you know it?s possible to have? in Europe, don?t stress out on money matters the next time your? feet are itching to get away from it all.

  发表人:dfr7xcde04

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:yuguhun44@hotmail.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 19:21:11
    – two unsolved murders still haunt Sophia familiesOne boy was running an errand for his mother. The other was returning home from a game of cricket.But these lads never made it home. They were later found dead: sodomised and dumped in trenches.Seven-year-old Dacwaun Sutherland and 13-year-old Letroy Harris both lived in Sophia and their killers have never been caught.Letroy Harris, slain in 2006The two unsolved cases have been thrust back in the limelight following the recent murder of nine-year-old Shaquan Gittens, who was abducted, bound, sodomised and dumped in a trench in the South Ruimveldt backlands.His murder appears to have been solved, but the families of Dacwaun Sutherland and Letroy Harris have never gotten such closure.Sophia residents who knew Zon Parks, a security guard, said that she apparently never let her only child, Dacwaun, out of her sight.But, as one woman would later say, there is always an unguarded moment. That unguarded moment came at around 13:30 hrs on Wednesday, June 30, 2010, when the seven-year-old visited his mom’s worksite, and she sent him home alone with some perishables that she had bought at Stabroek Market.She also instructed him to return.When night fell and he failed to return, Ms. Park made a report at the Turkeyen Police Station, while she continued her search into the night.She resumed her search the following day and while walking through ‘B’ Field, Sophia, she heard some residents saying that a boy’s body was in a trench. She immediately headed for the location.There she saw her son, who had left home wearing a pair of camouflage trousers and a white vest, lying in a canal and clad only his briefs. A post mortem revealed that he was sodomised and apparently submerged in the canal until he drowned. Death was due to drowning compounded by compression injury to the neck.Dacwaun Sutherland,nine years: Slain anddumped in a canal in 2010Some residents recalled seeing the child at around 17:00 hours on the day that he had disappeared. One woman said that she saw the boy around 13:30 hours carrying two water bottles.Another woman said she noticed the same bottles floating in the canal at around 16.00 hrs that day.Two days later, police detained a 24-year-old Sophia man who lived near the murder scene, after reports surfaced that the child was last seen in his company.But police were unable to link the 24-year-old suspect to Dacwaun Sutherland’s death. He was released on $20,000 station bail. Police also questioned five Sophia youths about Sutherland’s death but got nowhere.At the time, Zon Park was adamant that her child was slain in broad daylight. She also believed that a man in her community held the answers to her son’s death.She had claimed that previous allegations of sexual molestation of young boys had been made against the individual who lived a short distance from the murder scene.Ms. Park’s theory was that the killer concealed her son in his house and then disposed of his remains when night fell.According to Ms. Parks, police had detained the suspect and searched his home. He was subsequently released with instructions that he report to the police daily.“Someone had to see something. I am asking anyone with information to come forward because I need justice. I still hope that the truth will be revealed.”Zon Park is still waiting for that answer.But at another home in A Field, Sophia, the mother of another murdered boy seems resigned to the fact that she would never have justice for her boy’s death, nine years ago.Thirteen-year-old Letroy Hinds-Harris loved cricket. His mother, Regina Hinds, recalled that the St. Winefride’s High student was selected to represent that his team in Trinidad and Tobago.“He was trying to put in a little extra work to further impress the coach. Every day from school he would meet up with the team and practice before he went home,” Mrs. Hinds said.But on October 31, 2006, the 13-year-old did not return home from practice. His mother thought that he had decided to spend the night at his sister’s residence, since he would sometimes stay there.But when she called the following day, the sister revealed that Letroy wasn’t there.? A search was subsequently carried out and a missing person’s report was made.“All the time we searching and I decided to go by his friends (( who live a stone’s throw from Harris’ home) and when I asked them, the three boys said that they didn’t see my son but I know my son doesn’t go to practice without them.” She further added that just as she was about to leave, the father of the three boys came outside and said her son had visited his home but had left to go to practice with his sons.“When he said that the boys then said that they went practice together but they had left him at the ground,” the mother of two said.For two days, relatives and friends searched futilely for the teen.On the third day, the lad’s battered and naked body was found in a Thomas Road canal, near the National Park. His clothes were also found in the trench. A post mortem examination revealed that he was beaten and sodomized. His neck was also broken.Police questioned several people, including the slain lad’s coach, but never came close to solving his murder.Mrs. Hinds believes she knows who killed her son. She still believes her suspicions can be proven with a little hard work from the police.But tired of getting no answers, Hinds said that she stopped enquiring into her son’s case, while at the same time, indicating that Letroy would have been 22 years today.“You have to have money to go after these things because the police not helping…when I talked to one policeman ((back then) he said that they had over 200 unsolved murders and I will have to wait,” a still traumatized Hinds recalled.Even after nine years,Cheap Nike Air Max Online Australia, she is still hoping that one day the police will find her son’s killers.The woman said that she was struck by the similarities between the recent murder of nine-year-old Shaquan Gittens and her boy.“It was just like my son. He went missing and then his body was found. The only difference was that my son’s case was never solved and his penis was not severed,” Hinds related.She’s tried to move on, but still thinks about how she tragically lost her son in 2006.
  发表人:sui3trox8

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:yuguhun44@hotmail.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 19:18:42
    Member of Parliament for A Partnership For National Unity ((APNU), Rupert Roopnaraine, has won an award for his non-fiction book, The Sky’s Wild Noise.Rupert RoopnaraineAccording to the Peepal Tree Press, two of its books won their individual category prizes in the One Caribbean Media ((OCM) Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature. These two titles, along with a third from Monique Roffey, will compete for the overall OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature.Roopnaraine’s book is a wide-ranging collection of essays on art, literature,Wholesale Authentic Jerseys, politics and society. According to the judges, “in the corpus of non-fiction prose in the Caribbean intellectual tradition, only José Martí and George Lamming rival the range of Roopnaraine’s capacities of response,NFL Jerseys Wholesale, depth of analysis and subtle and mordant style.”The winner of the overall OCM Bocas Prize will be announced on 27 April, as part of the third annual NGC Bocas Lit Fest. The 2012 prize was won by Trinidadian Earl Lovelace for his novel Is Just a Movie. Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott was winner of the inaugural 2011 prize for his poetry collection, White Egrets.The final cross-genre judging panel will be headed by the celebrated Jamaican writer Olive Senior.According to Peepal, writers from St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana have made the shortlist for the 2013 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature, sponsored by One Caribbean Media.“From a long list of ten impressive titles in the poetry, fiction and non-fiction categories, the prize judges have chosen a shortlist of three books,Autentic Hockey Jerseys Outlet, written by one of the Caribbean’s most esteemed poets, a well-known contemporary novelist, and a distinguished academic-cum-politician.”These three books, announced as the winners in their own genre categories,Air Max 90 Baratas Online, now go on to vie for the overall 2013 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature, which comes with a cash award of US$10,000.The 2013 poetry winner is St. Lucian poet and dramatist Kendel Hippolyte’s Fault Lines ((Peepal Tree Press), hailed as both lyrical and prophetic, matching spiritual searching with social critique. The judges praised the collection, saying it “demonstrates Hippolyte’s excellent, all-round craftsmanship as a poet. His voice and cadence are unique and distinctive.” The judges add: “This book stands out as a singular achievement.”Trinidadian novelist Monique Roffey is this year’s fiction category winner, for her novel Archipelago,Jerseys NFL China, a story of devastating personal loss that leads to a voyage of discovery. The judges praised the work for its risk-taking, “leaping beyond the boundaries of historical representation, language use, narrative perspective,Man Utd 3rd Kit 18/19, and narrative form.”
  发表人:ert7sanw64

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:yuguhun44@hotmail.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 15:06:18
    Government yesterday expressed concern over what it claimed were “unashamed and unfounded attacks” leveled against it by Leader of the Alliance for Change ((AFC), Khemraj Ramjattan. It has accused the AFC of trying to gain political mileage from the situation in Linden.In a press release yesterday, Government said it forthrightly condemns Ramjattan’s “spurious and dangerous assertions” in Kaieteur News of Sunday,Air Max 90 Espa?a, August 12, 2012.The article is titled, “PPP thrives on chaos; Linden is a diversion from corruption.”The Administration added that is not surprised that such wanton and misleading assault was given much prominence in Kaieteur News, which it described as ‘an Opposition mouthpiece’.“While the paper is free to align itself with the Opposition given the freedom of choice that now permeates in Guyana and restored to Guyana by the PPP/C,Cheap Hockey Jerseys 2019, journalistic ethics would demand that fairness is paramount as against sensationalism and peddling of falsehood and political conspiracies”,Nike Air Max Cheap Wholesale, the release stated.Speaking on the issue of increased electricity tariffs for Linden, Government said it wishes to remind Ramjattan that the issue was first mooted in the 1970s by former Prime Minister Forbes Burnham under the PNC government.It related that when the said proposed increase was tabled in the National Assembly in April this year, Leader of the Opposition, Mr. David Granger, publicly supported the need to have Linden integrated into the national grid.Government stated that immediately following Mr. Granger’s concurrence, it was the AFC along with some members of A Partnership for National Unity ((APNU) that instigated the protest in Linden.The protest, which is in its fourth week, has since resulted in the loss of lives, looting, indiscriminate destruction of public and private property,Autentic Hockey Jerseys Outlet, the prevention of law abiding Lindeners to exercise their right to work and free access, the unconscionable increase in transportation and food costs and the loss of jobs.“Throughout the protest it was common to see leading members of the AFC deliberately misleading the people of Linden.”“In a protest that was held subsequently in Georgetown under the guise of supporting Linden, it was AFC/APNU members such as, David Hinds, who vociferously articulated that all cooperation with the government to resolve the situation in Linden cease forthwith!” Government noted.The Administration emphasized that Hinds was vehemently supported by another Opposition personality, Desmond Trotman and others within the gathering including AFC leading voices. “This is a clear indication that the AFC,Wholesale Authentic Jerseys, which touts itself as a responsible Party, is not interested in having the situation amicably resolved so that normalcy can return to Linden,Stitched Jerseys,” Government said.Government asserted that AFC disregards the hardships that law abiding people of Linden have come to bear following the protest which the Party instigated.“Further, the actions taken by Mr. Ramjattan and the AFC over the last few weeks can only be viewed as explicit support for the disregard of law and order following the burning of several buildings in Linden and the support for extortion by criminal elements meted out against the citizens there.”“Such blatant support of criminal activities by Mr. Ramjattan and the AFC must not be allowed to go unnoticed and all Guyanese and civil society must make their voices heard in condemnation of such irresponsible behaviour by a former Presidential Candidate and his Parliamentary Party,” the Administration said.It stated that strides made in the negotiations following the protest action must be supported for a swift implementation and the cries of those in Linden who have been made hostage as a result of the protest must not go unheard.Government said that the position taken by Ramjattan is clearly counter-productive to peace and harmony and must be denounced.
  发表人:Mekutochi7

IP:192.186.24.112

  发表人邮件:zhf20151005@sina.com   发表时间:2018/12/14 13:51:11
    垂直管理体制设计应把握两个关键
有人把地方环境保护部门比作猫,把违法企业比作老鼠。猫是地方政府养的,能不能捉耗子、捉几只,由政府部门说了算,不是环保部门说了算。可见,地方保护主义是环境污染局面没有得到根本扭转的主要原因。
由于目前的环境执法体制具有部门性和地方性的特点,人员由地方任命,财政也来源于地方,因此执法队伍在实践中往往偏向于对地方政府负责,很难真正***到对法律和生态环境负责。上级部门缺乏有效的监察手段,难以克服地方保护主义现象。因此,必须在现有监管体制的基础上,连云港水温机,探索建立相对独立的环境监督与执法制度。
《中共中央关于制定国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划的建议》借鉴重庆市、陕西省、贵州省等地的经验,提出实行省以下环保机构监测监察执法垂直管理制度。这一建议引发了社会关注。
2013年党的十八届三中全会提出 独立进行环境监管和行政执法 。2015年《中共中央国务院关于加快推进生态文明建设的意见》指出,生态环境保护管理体制改革到2020年取得决定性成果,太原压铸模温机厂家,加强法律监督、行政监察;强化对违法排污、破坏生态环境等行为的执法监察和专项督察;资源环境监管机构独立开展行政执法,禁止领导干部违法违规干预执法活动。 意见 提出了行政监察、执法监察和专项督察等生态文明体制改革的新方式。为了落实这些改革形式要求,《中共中央关于制定国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划的建议》提出, 改革环境治理基础制度 实行省以下环保机构监测监察执法垂直管理制度。建立全国统一的实时在线环境监控系统 开展环保督察巡视,严格环保执法 。关于如何落实省以下环保机构监测监察执法垂直管理体制,习近平总书记在作说明时指出: 省以下环保机构监测监察执法垂直管理,主要指省级环保部门直接管理市(地)县的监测监察机构,襄樊导热油炉,承担其人员和工作经费,市(地)级环保局实行以省级环保厅(局)为主的双重管理体制,县级环保局不再单设而是作为市(地)级环保局的派出机构 。可以看出,省以下环保机构监测监察执法垂直管理是针对现实的环境问题,落实党的十八届三中全会有关生态文明体制改革精神的具体举措,具有现实性、针对性、合理性和逻辑上的前后一致性。
目前,有关部门正在按照上述文件的要求,协同有关机构开展省以下环保机构监测监察执法垂直管理体制的改革设计工作。笔者认为,设计工作应科学谨慎,着力解决好以下两个问题:
一是治标与治本的问题。无论是省以下环保机构监测监察执法的属地主义,还是省以下环保机构监测监察执法的垂直主义,都是体制内的监督形式。在经济社会的转型期,垂直的体制内监督可以或多或少地遏制地方保护主义,提高监管的效率,有必要实施。但是,环境保护需要建立健全环境治理体系,而环境监测监察执法只是环境治理体系的一个方面。如果忽视市场的调节及体制外的社会参与和监督,垂直管理的体制对于环境问题只能治标,很难治本。在环境治理体系的建设方面,2015年9月的《生态文明体制改革总体方案》在生态文明体制改革的目标部分指出,到2020年构建监管统一、执法严明、多方参与的环境治理体系;《中共中央关于制定国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划的建议》也提出 改革环境治理基础制度 健全环境信息公布制度 。按照党的十八届三中全会精神,环境治理体系和环境治理基础制度,显然不只包括环境监测监察执法,还包括市场机制和社会参与。 方案 还指出,构建更多运用经济杠杆进行环境治理和生态保护的市场体系,着力解决市场主体和市场体系发育滞后、社会参与度不高等问题。基于此,国家在开展省级以下环保机构监测监察执法垂直管理体制改革设计时,必须同时健全市场调节和社会参与、监督的体制,24KW导热油炉价格,引入并强化公众问责机制,使新的环境监管体系可问责,增强环境监测监察垂直执法的独立性。
二是垂直与属地的问题。环境污染和生态破坏是经济社会生活的副产品,因此解决环境问题,必须把经济社会生活的管理作为抓手。而经济社会生活的管理权限大多在于属地的政府。因此,环境监管不能忽视甚至否认属地政府的属地责任。中央的有关文件也认可了这一点,如《生态文明体制改革总体方案》提出要构建充分反映资源消耗、环境损害和生态效益的生态文明绩效评价考核和责任追究制度,着力解决发展绩效评价不全面、责任落实不到位、损害责任追究缺失等问题。这一规定就是督促地方政府履行环境保护的属地责任。在环境监管中,属地管理和体现监管独立性的环保机构监测监察执法并不是非此即彼的关系,而是相互补充的关系。习近平总书记解释中的 市(地)级环保局实行以省级环保厅(局)为主的双重管理体制,县级环保局不再单设而是作为市(地)级环保局的派出机构 ,既解决了省级人民政府对本省环境质量负责的问题,也解决了市级行政区域环境保护的属地负责和垂直监管相结合问题。但这也造成一个现实问题,即县级环保局不再单设而是作为市(地)级环保局的派出机构,那么是否还需强调县级人民政府的属地负责作用,值得研究。如果需要强调,县级环保部门成了市级环保局的派出机构,那么县级人民政府利用什么机构来进行环境监管,也需要认真研究。另外,如果县级人民政府不需要对本行政区域的环境质量负责,那么《环境保护法》第六条规定 地方各级人民政府对本行政区域的环境质量负责 ,就需要修改为 省和市级人民政府对本行政区域的环境质量负责 。
目前,应按照国家治理和治理能力现代化的要求创新环境监管体制,提高环境监管体系的有效性。有必要按照2015年《党政领导干部生态环境损害责任追究办法》和《生态环境监测网络建设方案》以及《生态文明体制改革总体方案》的规定,按照上级监察与下级监管、上级考核与属地负责的模式,开展新一轮环境保护事权改革,大力下放一些行政许可和监管事权,赋予中介组织技术服务权,减轻企业负担。同时上收监察权和考核权,按照党政同责的原则对监管中的违法违规行为开展追责,最终既维护好地方的积极性,也发挥地方的监管责任。
作者系国务院发展研究中心资源与环境政策研究所副所长
共 316 条,第 3/32 页,每页 10 条 上一页 [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] 下一页 页尾 下一翻页


*用 户 名:  匿名:
*电子邮件:
*评论内容:
                 
版权所有: 西昌起点电脑学校网站 2000-2010
蜀ICP备07502120号地址:西昌市胜利路102号<西昌市中医院对面三楼> 邮编:615000
电话:0834-3224806 邮箱: zhf20151005@sina.com 联系QQ:23647373起点电脑学校为你服务8332060起点电脑学校为你服务
页面执行时间:140.625毫秒  [后台管理]